Thursday, May 21, 2020

The Origin Of Ancient Africa - 1082 Words

Africa is the origin of mankind, the early civilizations that migrated throughout the continent set a basis for studying and understanding why humans will migrate. When examining the people of ancient Africa, historians identified the fact that many groups migrated throughout the continent. It became evident that the different societies had some similarities and influences from one another. The Bantu people shared a common foundational language, which was a main factor in their expansion to the west as well as the south. In the northern part of the continent there was a colonial powerhouse forming. The Egyptian empire migrated along the Nile River in search for trade routes, which expanded their kingdom and made them stronger. To develop a†¦show more content†¦The same strategies that helped them become so large, and powerful, led to their downfall. â€Å"The process of Egyptian colonial expansion in Africa involved three major stages. The first was a period of more or less uncoordinated exploration and plundering, which served to make the Egyptians aware of the economic resources and opportunities beyond their southern frontier. This was followed by the establishment of trade relations with a powerful interior chiefdom, backed up by an Egyptian monopoly of trade on the lower Nile.† The Egyptians explored beyond the borders of their primary colonization, as stated the first period was uncoordinated; it was simply human nature to explore, and see what there was beyond their borders. This led to trade relations, and the Egyptians developed a trade monopoly along the Nile. In turn this helped their economy grow, and expand as a result of their migration southward. When a historian looks at ancient Egypt he or she can see that by studying it’s migration patterns south, it was able to extend its influence on the culture and societies that it encountered. In the south the people of Nubia were the most directly affected by Egyptian occupation. The various natural resources that were sought after in Nubia by the Egyptians were what led to the empires initial purpose for migrating further south. As a result, Nubian culture showed evidence of

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Abraham Lincoln And The Civil War Comparison Essay

Abraham Lincoln, the great president of the United States, is one of the most influential men in the history of America. He is not only the commander-in-chief of the Union army that takes the victory from the Confederacy in the Civil War but also a leader who ends up the existence of slavery and a hero of the United States of America. On the other hand, Nathan Bedford Forrest is the lieutenant general of the Confederate army during the Civil War. He is a real genius and the great leadership of the Southern which help them to fight for the Northern. Nonetheless, Nathan rises from the rank of private to lieutenant general by his talents through wars with smart strategies and become the biggest trouble for the Union army. Nathan and†¦show more content†¦In general, Abraham Lincoln save the United of America’s citizens from slavery, domination of the south and build a stronger government that help the people to get a better life. On the contrary, Nathan Bed Forrest started his humble background with a low-income family which is carried by him at the age of seventeen. After joining the business with his uncle, Forrest becomes one of the richest people in the South as the businessman. During the Civil War, Forrest offered to buy new equipment and horses for the Confederate army. With that generousness, he was promoted to be lieutenant-colonel, even though, Nathan did not have any military’s training, he still did an outstanding job with smart strategies and talented skills. With a lot of merits from the wars such as the victories in the Battle of Sacramento, Fort Donelson, Shiloh, Fallen Timbers, Nathan Bed Forrest become the real genius of the Southerners, and step by step, lieutenant general of the Confederate Army comes to him as a reward for being a genius. All of his actions were supported by his basic idea about the slavery. He was a slave trader who owns more than 200 slaves. Therefore, it is one of the reasons for him to fight the Union. Furthermore, Nathan Bedford Forrest joined the Ku Klux Klan as the Grand Wizard; this is the evidence that proves Nathan support for the slavery. One of the actions that make Nathan Bedford Forrest became a real hero for the South, but the biggest trouble for the NorthShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of Allen Guelzo And Vincent Harding1102 Words   |  5 PagesHarding: Essay Review As a Republican President, Abraham Lincoln opposed slavery. He believed it was unnecessary to everyone-including Negros and Whites. However, with his stand on slavery, he held back by declaring that he had no reason to disrupt slavery where it existed. The constitution had protected states where citizens wanted slavery to exist. Lincoln knew he would not get enough support and that the four slave-holding states in the North would turn against him. As a result, the Civil War beganRead MoreLincoln And His Generals By War : Abraham Lincoln As Commander1311 Words   |  6 PagesAnthony Espindola Dr. Flashnick HST 340 15 February 2015 Book review: Lincoln and His Generals Tried by War: Abraham Lincoln as Commander in Chief While there are countless books and biographies written on the life of Abraham Lincoln, none argue quite so heavily in favor of Lincoln’s military brilliance during the Civil War as T. Harry Williams’ book Lincoln and His Generals, published in 1952. Williams, born in 1909, is an experienced historian who taught at Louisiana State University and wroteRead MoreHow Lincoln Won the War with Metaphors1113 Words   |  5 PagesAbraham Lincoln s ability to speak with eloquence and force is what won the Civil War; there can be no doubt about it. His role as a motivator and often an inspiring teacher to all had more of an effect on the troops and the American people than a loss or a victory of any battle ever did. Lincoln s speeches are some of the most celebrated in history for many good reasons. He was always aware of his audience and never failed to impress with his use of logic and knowledge. However, what are mostRead MoreThe Legacy Of The Gettysburg Address1161 Words   |  5 Pagesof the chosen presidents left a mark; some achieved many good things and others failed. One of the big events that contribute to the way America is designed today was the civil war of 1861.During this war president, Abraham Lincoln was in charge. This war lasted four bloody years, many people died and as a response in 1862, Lincoln gave a motivational speech to his people, to not give up and fight for their freedom. The Gettysburg address was a speech that could be described as a proposal argumentRead MoreComparative Analysis of Research Articles on Slavery1451 Words   |  6 Pagesthe freeing of slaves in the Civil War era. Two historians, James M. McPherson and Ira Berlin, respectfully express their contrasting views over these topics in this assignment. While I absolutely agree that the slaves in the Civil War era played a pivotal role in emancipating themselves and securing their civil liberties, it was unequivocally the actions of President Lincoln that led to t heir eventual freedom. McPherson, a professor at Princeton University and Civil War historian, describes in hisRead MoreHalf Slave And Half Free Essay1277 Words   |  6 PagesNovember 2015 Half Slave and Half Free Essay In the book, â€Å"Half Slave and Half Free† by Bruce Levine, Levine discusses the complex issues that arose during the Antebellum Era in America that fueled the eruption of the Civil War. According to Levine, tension arose due to conflicting interests in the depths of the free-labor based economy of the North and the slave-labor based economy of the South which boiled up to a point that led the newly formed nation to a civil war. Levine starts off by giving a briefRead MoreWalt Whitman and Abraham Lincoln3895 Words   |  16 PagesWalt Whitman and Abraham Lincoln Table of contents 1. Introduction†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦2 2. Whitman’s position in American literature†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦2 3. Whitman’s poetry before the civil war†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦...............3 4. Lincoln’s death – a turning point for Whitman†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.6 5. Walt Whitman’s four poems on the American nation’s grief†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦7 5.1 Hush d Be the Camps To-day†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..7 5.2. When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom d†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦7 Read MoreThe Effects Of Imperialism In George Orwells Shooting An Elephant1633 Words   |  7 Pagesunder-qualified teachers teaching classes that don’t benefit them. Rose’s purpose in this essay is to show the public the flaws of the vocational system in order to affect change in the public school system. His declaration is still apparent today in the failure in some aspects of the public school system and the lack of attention given to those who need it most (those with learning disabilities, etc). Comparison/Contrast: Plato, The Allegory of the Cave   Ã‚  Ã‚   Plato uses The Allegory of the Cave to exploreRead MoreThe United States Civil War Essay2284 Words   |  10 PagesThe United States Civil War can be considered as one of the darkest times in American history. The Southern states were fighting for their way of life, and the Northern states were fighting to preserve the Union. The war had begun in the year of 1861, and it would end in 1865 with the capture of Jefferson Davis and surrender of Robert E. Lee. The war had begun at the battle of Fort Sumter. After this battle, the newly elected Abraham Lincoln called for volunteers to join the Union forces. InRead MoreGeorge Washington Vs. Martin Luther King Jr.1946 Words   |  8 PagesThroughout recent history, the definition of leadership has been the subject of a vast number books, articles, and essays. Countless authors have attempted define the ability to lead in a tangible way. They have scrutinized on how one becomes a leader and how one successfully leads. Beca use the ability to lead is so ambiguous and no one can follow a definable set of steps to become a leader, many authors have use examples of leaders to illustrate their views on the subject. And even in the limited

Tobacco Industry Csr Malaysia Free Essays

1. 0 INTRODUCTION Major tobacco firms in Malaysia have begun investing aggressively Corporate Social Responsibility activities to build a positive public image and brand activities via large contributions into social programs nationwide, and to be recognised as contributors to the greater common good. Although CSR is considered as a corporate entity along standards of business ethics, tobacco industry philanthropic activities encounter much criticism and threat of a comprehensive ban on CSR atop present legislations for Tobacco Advertising, Promotion Sponsorship worldwide. We will write a custom essay sample on Tobacco Industry Csr Malaysia or any similar topic only for you Order Now Many concerns have been raised over the practice; alleging that the motives behind tobacco industry CSR are to manipulate public perception of responsible marketing practices and gain favourable position for the individual firms in Malaysia. 2. 0 CSR AND ITS STRATEGIC ADVANTAGES Holme and Watts define CSR as an ongoing pledge by corporations to conduct themselves in an ethical manner and contribute to economic growth while developing the quality of workforce livelihood and their families, and the overall local community and societies. CSR programs were developed to answer public urges for corporations to advocate ethical, environmental, health and labour regulations. The Sustainability Entrepreneurship Model by Young and Tilley, as shown in Appendix I, comprises of six decisive factors: eco-efficiency, socio-efficiency, eco-effectiveness, socio-effectiveness and sufficiency and ecological equity; for corporate sustainability which adds to the business’s social responsibilities and enhances its effectiveness, bringing higher cost savings and better profit margins. 8% of consumers said they were more likely to purchase from companies that engages in initiatives to develop society. 3. 0 TOBACCO INDUSTRY AND TOBACCO USE IN MALAYSIA Malaysia is a major cigarette-manufacturing showpiece for tobacco transnational corporations operating in the South East Asian region. Among 92 sectors, the tobacco industry ranks 5th with an economic output totaling to RM11. 7 billion or 3% of Malaysia’s GDP. The tobacco indu stry in Malaysia comprises of large corporations such as British American Tobacco, market share 68%; Japan Tobacco Inc. 17. 7%; and Philip Morris International, 15. 3%. The industry considers itself a vital contributor in developing Malaysia’s socio-economic condition of the rural population. Tobacco is Malaysia’s most largely cultivated non-food crop, with 12,148 hectares and 1,200 hectares of land solely for tobacco cultivation in Peninsular Malaysia and East Malaysia respectively. The industry’s activities range from tobacco leaf cultivation and curing, tobacco production to marketing and distribution. Records show that more than 190,000 people are employed in the industry, and 120,000 people involved in tobacco farming and curing. Smoking statistics show that 10,000 Malaysians succumb to smoking-related ailments annually, making it the top killers in the country since the 1980s. According to Global Adult Tobacco Survey based in Malaysia, 23. 1% or 4. 75 million adults currently smoke, 43. 9% (4. 64 million) being men and 1. 0% (0. 10 million) women. The study also suggested that the expenditure on manufactures cigarettes cover 3. % of the GDP in 2011, its data showing present smokers using an average of RM 178. 80 monthly on manufactured cigarettes. 4. 0 PRACTICE OF TOBACCO INDUSTRY CSR IN MALAYSIA The industry engages CSR in various methods to achieve maximum public exposure and influence. The common approach of tobacco industry CSR is corporate philanthropy in which the firms provide monetary aids in areas such as culture and arts, education, shelter, social welfare and the envi ronment. In addition, they offer support to government policies and sponsorship of events such as youth smoking prevention programs. Several firms have even established charitable foundations to fund their initiatives, such as the British American Tobacco Foundation which was set up with the aim to obtain and manage funds for education, scientific and other charitable purposes. In conjunction with National Kenaf and Tobacco Board, the foundation has rewarded over 2,000 recipients RM 1. 1 million since its initiation in 2002. Formation of alliances between tobacco firms with non-governmental organizations exist as well. Yayasan Salam Malaysia is a long-term NGO partner of Philip Morris since 2006, both supporting a variety of CSR programs concerning poverty and society’s wellbeing. Their annual partnership had revolved around building information and communication technology (ICT) centres in rural places and providing financial aids for the underprivileged. BAT is also the first local tobacco company to publish Social Reports since 2001; these reports highlighting the firms CSR activities conducted year-round, looking forward to aligning itself with other businesses that conduct CSR activities. The company had received the Malaysian Sustainability Reporting Award from the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants for BAT’s efforts in cancer research. 5. 0 CRITICISMS TOWARD TOBACCO INDUSTRY CSR The tobacco industry is one of the most criticised members of the modern business community. Several disputes have arisen worldwide declaring that tobacco industry products are lethal to their consumers, and the CSR activities will be unable to resolve the fundamental contradiction with ethical corporate citizenship. WHO defines tobacco industry tactics utilizing CSR as a tool â€Å"to promote voluntary measures as an effective way to address tobacco control and create an illusion of being a ‘changed’ company and to establish partnerships with health interests. † These charitable campaigns purposefully influence the perception among youths and adults that the tobacco industry is deceitful and guilty for advocating smoking among youths and adults. Tobacco companies’ internal documents have revealed the motives behind industry-sponsored programs, aimed to increase profits and stimulate company investments. It is alleged that by conducting CSR, tobacco firms aim to build favourable views regarding the industry and tobacco issues by demonstrating their responsibility and concern about the wellbeing of consumers and stakeholders. Another tobacco industry goal is to achieve political influence with the intention of obstruct government efforts to regulate tobacco control, as evident in Malaysia. These CSR initiatives also pose as protection against litigations or lawsuits. The sponsorship of tobacco firms in youth anti-smoking campaigns is claimed to be a scheme to access youths for market research, to normalise brands and to avert success of anti-tobacco campaigns. A report by the British Medical Association stated that tobacco industry CSR as a form of marketing for firms, and as such it should be prohibited under the terms of Article 13 of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, which calls for Parties to impose a full ban on tobacco advertising, promotion and advertising, including CSR. CSR functions in favour of the industry by creating goodwill with lawmakers and the public, crushing bad publicity for its lethal goods, and resolving conflict from tobacco control advocates. The tobacco-caused death and disease suffered by societies and families contradict the advantages of charity or sponsorship for social interests. Tobacco consumption offers zero merits to the underprivileged, and any financial aid offered by tobacco firms accountable for smoking-related ailments and financial woes of the nation fails to relieve poverty, environmental, or health problems. . 0 POLITICAL ECONOMY AND CONTROL OF TOBACCO IN MALAYSIA Advocacy for tobacco control in Malaysia had begun in the 1970s, with gradual growing initiatives to institute specific legislations to regulate tobacco manufacturing and consumption. Compliant to the FCTC, Malaysia enacts legislation compliant with the FCTC by providing extensive regulation and banning of advertising, promotion and sponsorship. Presently, Malaysia allows tobacco industry CSR, and it has been abused by the industry as a strategic tool to change its public image. Measures to undertake the Malaysian smoking epidemic is inconsistent – from one point of view, the cost of lives and health interests; while the other, the critical consequences of tobacco control on tobacco farmers and alleviating poverty. The Malaysian government is an active shareholder and advocate of tobacco. They are major partners in two of Malaysia’s largest tobacco corporations with direct financial interests in the industry. Major shareholders of BAT and JTI include statutory bodies such as the Skim Amanah Saham Bumiputera, Employees Provident Fund, and Amanah Saham Malaysia, demonstrating the Malaysian state controlled ownership of shares in the tobacco industry. A large number of Bumiputeras partake in tobacco cultivation with Bumiputera partners being of key importance in the ownership of tobacco firms. Corresponding to the government policy to promote foreign investment, BAT, Philip Morris, and R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company have set up their subsidiaries and established manufacturing facilities within the country. 7. 0 CONCLUSION In averting the overall poor public image, weak knowledge regarding individual tobacco firms, and more litigations and restraints, the tobacco industry CSR activities are meant to improve public perception of the industry. CSR activities by tobacco firms purposefully highlight their philanthropic contributions to the society and also promote youth smoking prevention programs. As long as there is absence of major restraints and public criticism, the tobacco industry will continue to operate unreservedly, utilising CSR to promote its â€Å"responsible† marketing practices and to receive favorable ratings for individual firms within the country. The tobacco industry’s public relation efforts may possibly influence Malaysian audiences to develop further resistance against the objections faced by the industry, alleviate jurors’ negative scrutiny toward the industry, and thus deteriorating public or legislative support for tobacco control policies in Malaysia. How to cite Tobacco Industry Csr Malaysia, Essay examples

Saturday, April 25, 2020

The Ex free essay sample

Welcome to the land of sorrow and disappointment, otherwise known as theBREAK UP. We’ve all been there, right? We meet someone that is completely amazing, perhaps not as amazing as Brad Pitt or, say, young Leonardo Dicaprio; but he’s certainly up there. Kind of. Anyway, here’s this perfect guy (in your eyes) and you’ve been with him for about four years. FOUR YEARS. That’s 48 months, 208 weeks, and 1,460 days of your precious time devoted to this one individual in our massive universe. I’m going to marry him. He will father my children. We’re going to grow old together. Hate to burst your bubble, but you are not going to marry him, he will not father your children, and you are not going to grow old together. I don’t mean to be a negative Nancy but trust me, I know how the story goes, and I’ve heard it far too many times. We will write a custom essay sample on The Ex or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Friday night date night rolls around and, as usual, at approximately 7:06, there’s a light knock at the door. You give your hair one last fluff while glancing quickly at the mirror as you grab the purse off of the hallway table. A soft kiss greets you, and you love birds fly off to the 8 o’ clock reservation at Olive Garden (that he insisted was ridiculously difficult to get even though everyone knows you don’t need to make a reservation at Olive Garden.) While awaiting the chocolate dipping sauce for your favorite zeppoles (you’re a sucker for fried delicacies) he clears his throat and gently caresses your hands. â€Å"Listen, babe, we need to talk.† He pauses while you take a sip of your peach iced tea and nod in encouragement. â€Å"We’ve been together for a long time now. I love you so much, and I’ve been doing a lot of thinking lately about us and our future.† This is it. It’s actually happening. You flash a subtle smile and lean in a bit closer. He continues, â€Å"I’ve thought about it. I love you; you’re the most important person in my life-† â€Å"YES! Yes, I do, I do!† â€Å"Really? I’m so relieved to hear that!† â€Å"Of course! I love you too everything has been amazing but-† â€Å"We’ve been together for too long. It’s time to see other people, see what else is out there. I’m so relieved to know that you feel the same way,† he finishes. You give him a puzzled look. What? â€Å"No. I was going to say, but it’s time to take our relationship to the next level. Wait. You’re breaking up with me?† This never once crossed your mind; after all, if not today, then he was probably going to propose, like, next week. This is insane. I mean after all the time you’ve been together, how could he do this to you? The conversation ends with â€Å"I’m sorry’s† and â€Å"I understand’s†. All the while you’re trying to keep your cool because there’s no way he can know that you’re actually a mess inside and that part of you wants to rip his head off. The car ride home is awkward and tense. There’s so much you want to say but you keep it inside, knowing that as soon as you open your mouth, you’ll break down in tears. You exchange a quick goodbye and almost fall out of the car in an attempt to get out of there as soon as possible. As soon as you shut the door behind you, there’s no holding you back. The sobs become louder and louder as the minutes tick by. You crawl onto the couch with a pint of Oreo cookie ice cream and manage to swallow large spoonfuls in between sobs. Cupid is a jerk. After an hour of nonstop eating, crying and an overplayed episode of America’s most loved family, Keeping Up with the Kardashians, you call it a night and doze off right there on the couch. At around 3am anxiety kicks in and you’re awakened to the sound of your rapidly beating heart. This isn’t over, Henry. In an effort to mend the broken relationship, you go ahead and give him a call. After all, this isn’t a break up. It’s merely a misunderstanding between two people who love each other deeply. This was definitely not mutual, which means that you didn’t really bre ak up. After thirty calls and fifteen voicemails there is still no response. That’s okay. You can always call him in the morning. Better yet, why don’t you stop by his office with his favorite chocolate donut and a coffee? Do whatever it is that you have to do. If you can’t catch him there, that’s fine, just drop by his apartment after work with a box of pepperoni pizza. How about you send him a quick text explaining how you want to return all of the gifts you’ve received from him over the years because you â€Å"just can’t stand to see them†? He’ll definitely respond to that! He’ll be forced to talk to you. He’s obviously just confused and doesn’t know what he wants, and it’s your job to let him know that this isn’t acceptable. After all, you didn’t waste 48 months, 208 weeks, and 1,460 days of your precious time devoted to this one individual in our massive universe, just to end up getting d umped. There is a double standard between men and women (as with everything else in life) regarding love and relationships. When a woman decides to fight for lost love she is labeled as the â€Å"crazy ex-girlfriend†. Maybe she doesn’t want the relationship back, maybe she just wants to get closure, try to understand what went wrong. Did you ever think about that? No, because you were too busy complaining to your friends and family about how crazy she is. When a guy fights for lost love he’s â€Å"a hopeless romantic.† Let women fight for love in peace without having to be labeled crazy for doing so. Let them cry into their double chocolate chip ice cream as they watch The Titanic for the hundredth time. Let them call twenty times at four in the morning. Let them stalk you on social media as their heart desires. Let them plan casual run-ins at your favorite local bar so you can see how totally awesome they’re doing without you. Worst case scenario is you have to file a restraining order.

Wednesday, March 18, 2020

Ça vaut le coup - Valoir le coup - French Expression

Ça vaut le coup - Valoir le coup - French Expression Expression: Valoir le coup Pronunciation: [vah lwar leu koo] Meaning: to be worth it (its worth it) Literal translation: to be worth the effort Register: normal Notes The French expression valoir le coup is very often used impersonally, as in à §a vaut le coup (its worth it) and à §a valait le coup (it was worth it). But valoir le coup can also be used with any third person singular or plural subject, including people. Examples   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ãƒâ€¡a vaut le coup dÅ“il.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Its worth a look, worth seeing.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ce sont des classes qui valent le coup.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Theyre worthwhile classes, Theyre classes worth taking.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Jespà ¨re que ce  voyage va valoir le coup.   Ã‚  Ã‚  I hope this trip is worth it. Ça vaut le coup de infinitive:   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ãƒâ€¡a vaut le coup dessayer.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Its worth trying, worth a try.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ãƒâ€¡a vaut le coup de prendre la voiture.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Its worth bringing the car. Il / Elle vaut le coup que subjunctive (informal):   Ã‚  Ã‚  Il vaut le coup quon essaie.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Its worth a try.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ma voiture nest pas trop vieille- elle vaut le coup que je la fasse rà ©parer.   Ã‚  Ã‚  My car isnt too old- its worth getting it repaired.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Lise a un bon potentiel- elle vaut le coup quon la patronne.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Lise has a lot of potential- its worth our while to sponsor her. Synonymous expression: Valoir la peine, Ça vaut la peine - literally, To be worth the pain, Its worth the pain More Expressions with coupMost common French phrases

Monday, March 2, 2020

History of US Naval Station at Pearl Harbor

History of US Naval Station at Pearl Harbor The early 1800s: Known to native Hawaiians as Wai Momi, meaning water of pearl, Pearl Harbor was believed to be the home of the shark goddess Kaahupahau and her brother, Kahiuka. Beginning in the first half of the 19th century, Pearl Harbor was identified as the possible location for a naval base by the United States, Great Britain, and France. Its desirability was reduced however by the shallow water and reefs that blocked its narrow entrance. This restriction led to it largely being overlooked in favor of other locations in the islands. US Annexation: In 1873, the Honolulu Chamber of Commerce petitioned King Lunalilo to negotiate a reciprocal treaty with the United States to further the bond between the two nations. As an inducement, the King offered the cessation of Pearl Harbor to the United States. This element of the proposed treaty was dropped when it became clear the Lunalilos legislature would not approve the treaty with it included. The Reciprocity Treaty was ultimately concluded in 1875, by Lunalilos successor, King Kalakaua. Pleased by the treatys economic benefits, the King soon sought to extend the treaty beyond its term of seven years. The effort to renew the treaty met with resistance in the United States. After several years of negotiation, the two nations agreed to renew the treaty through the Hawaii-United States Convention of 1884. Ratified by both nations in 1887, the convention granted to the Government of the US the exclusive right to enter the harbor of Pearl River, in the Island of Oahu, and to establish and maintain there a coaling and repair station for the use of vessels of the US and to that end the US may improve the entrance to said harbor and do all things useful to the purpose aforesaid. The Early Years: The acquisition of Pearl Harbor met with criticism from Britain and France, who had signed a compact in 1843, agreeing not compete over the islands. These protests were ignored and the US Navy took possession of the harbor on November 9, 1887. Over the next twelve years, no efforts were made to enhance Pearl Harbor for naval use as the harbors shallow channel still prevented the entrance of larger ships. Following Hawaiis annexation to the United States in 1898, efforts were made to enhance the Navys facilities to support operations in the Philippines during the Spanish-American War. These improvements were focused on the Navys facilities in Honolulu Harbor, and it was not until 1901, that attention was turned to Pearl Harbor. In that year, appropriations were made to acquire land around the port and improve the entrance channel into the harbors lochs. After efforts to purchase the adjacent land failed, the Navy obtained the present site of the Navy Yard, Kauhua Island, and a strip on the southeast coast of Ford Island through eminent domain. Work also began dredging the entrance channel. This progressed quickly and in 1903, USS Petral became the first vessel to enter the harbor. Growing the Base: Though improvements had begun at Pearl Harbor, the bulk of the Navys facilities remained in Honolulu through the first decade of the 20th century. As other governmental agencies began encroaching on the Navys property in Honolulu, the decision was made to begin shifting activities to Pearl Harbor. In 1908, Naval Station, Pearl Harbor was created and construction began on the first drydock the following year. Over the next ten years, the base grew steadily with new facilities being constructed and the channels and lochs deepened to accommodate the Navys largest ships. The only major setback involved the construction of the dry dock. Begun in 1909, the drydock project angered locals who believed the shark god lived in caves on the site. When the drydock collapsed during construction due to seismic disturbances, Hawaiians claimed that the god was angry. The project was finally completed in 1919, at cost of $5 million. In August 1913, the Navy abandoned its facilities in Honolulu and began to solely focus on developing Pearl Harbor. Allocated $20 million to turn the station into a first-rate base, the Navy completed the new physical plant in 1919. Expansion: While work was moving along on shore, Ford Island in the middle of the harbor was purchased in 1917, for joint Army-Navy use in developing military aviation. The first aircrews arrived at new Luke Field in 1919, and the following year the Naval Air Station was established. While the 1920s were largely a time of austerity at Pearl Harbor as post-World War I appropriations decreased, the base continued to grow. By 1934, the Minecraft Base, Fleet Air Base, and Submarine Base had been added to the existing Navy Yard and Naval District. In 1936, work began to further improve the entrance channel and to construct repair facilities to make Pearl Harbor a major overhaul base on par with Mare Island and Puget Sound. With the increasingly aggressive nature of Japan in the late 1930s and the outbreak of World War II in Europe, further efforts were made to expand and improve the base. With tensions heightening, the decision was made to hold the US Pacific Fleets fleet exercises off Hawaii in 1940. Following these maneuvers, the fleet remained at Pearl Harbor, which became its permanent base in February 1941. World War II and After: With the shift of the US Pacific Fleet to Pearl Harbor, the anchorage was expanded to accommodate the entire fleet. On the morning of Sunday, December 7, 1941, Japanese aircraft launched a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor. Crippling the US Pacific Fleet, the raid killed 2,368 and sank four battleships and heavily damaged four more. Forcing the United States into World War II, the attack placed Pearl Harbor on the front lines of the new conflict. While the attack had been devastating to the fleet, it did little damage to the bases infrastructure. These facilities, which continued to grow during the war, proved vital to ensuring that US warships remained in fighting condition throughout the conflict. It was from his headquarters at Pearl Harbor that Admiral Chester Nimitz oversaw the American advance across the Pacific and the ultimate defeat of Japan. Following the war, Pearl Harbor remained the homeport of the US Pacific Fleet. Since that time it has served to support naval operations during the Korean and Vietnam Wars, as well as during the Cold War. Still in full use today, Pearl Harbor is also home to the USS Arizona Memorial as well as the museum ships USS Missouri and USS Bowfin. Selected Sources A Brief History of Pearl Harbor Prior to World War IINaval Station Pearl Harbor

Friday, February 14, 2020

Book review Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words - 8

Book review - Essay Example This example is simple and profound. The following excerpt from the book Life of Pi by Yann Martel has relevance to the above example. Pi writes "I left town and on my way back, at a point where the land was high and I could see the sea to my left and down the road a long ways, I suddenly felt I was in heaven. The spot was in fact no different from when I had passed it not long before, but my way of seeing it had changed. The feeling, a paradoxical mix of pulsing energy and profound peace, was intense and blissful. Whereas before the road, the sea, the trees, the air, the sun all spoke differently to me, now they spoke one language of unity. Tree took account of road, which was aware of air, which was mindful of sea, which shared things with sun. Every element lived in harmonious relation with its neighbor, and all was kith and kin. I knelt a mortal; I rose an immortal. I felt like the center of a small circle, coinciding with the center of a much larger one. Atman had met Allah."(p. 59-60) This example elucidates what mystical experience is all about. In this paragraph the sentence â€Å"I suddenly felt I was in heaven† is significant. Heaven is the place where dualities and conflicts of the life on Planet Earth are not there and the perception capacity of an individual is limitless. ‘Heaven’ is the state when an individual has transcended the limitations of mind, meaning reasoning is non-existent there. When an individual transcends the hurdles of reasoning he reaches the conflict-free zone that is the state of bliss. That is the state of permanent happiness. The concept of secularism is the gift of his parents to Pi as they have no interest in dogmatic religion. The important message of Pi is love and he sees unity in diversity and marvels at the cosmic unity in existence and in functioning of everything. He loves the essence of every religion and when the local leaders come to know that he practices Christianity, Islam and Sufism, they ask him